Landscape record 0420802000 - STOWE DESIGNED LANDSCAPE (G120 and GD1105)

Summary

Seventeenth to eighteenth century landscaped park and gardens, with numerous eighteenth century buildings, associated with leading architects and designers such as Bridgeman, Vanburgh, and Capability Brown

Protected Status/Designation

  • Conservation Area: Stowe Conservation Area
  • Planning Notification Area: Seventeenth to eighteenth century landscaped park and gardens at Stowe Park
  • Registered Park or Garden (I) GD1105: Stowe
  • SHINE: Stowe medieval to post medieval landscape garden, medieval deserted villages of Lamport & Boycott, shrunken village of Daford, also moats, manors and fishponds, ridge and furrow earthworks & cropmarks, and areas of ancient semi natural woodland

Map

Type and Period (3)

  • GARDEN (17th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1799 AD)
  • LANDSCAPE PARK (18th Century - 1700 AD to 1799 AD)
  • MILITARY TRAINING SITE (Modern - 1939 AD? to 1945 AD?)

Description

GRADE I. C18 LANDSCAPE GARDEN WITH NUMEROUS C18 ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES, SURROUNDED BY EXTENSIVE PARKLAND. FURTHER ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENTS POST-1921. THE OUTSTANDING MONUMENT OF ENGLISH LANDSCAPE GARDENING (HUSSEY). DEVELOPMENT FROM 1714 BY SIR RICHARD TEMPLE, WITH CHARLES BRIDGEMAN AS DESIGNER (B13, B17). See Register entry for detailed description (B17).
Watching brief carried out by Oxford Archaeology during service trenching from October 2002 to April 2003 identified a number of 17th, 18th and 19th century landscape features including remains of paths (Trenches 1 and 5), footings of boundary or terrace walls (Trenches 1 and 2), earthworks of a former semi-circular terrace across the North Forecourt (Trench 3), and a late 19th century drain (Trench 1). See report for details (B26).
Evidence for use of lakes for boating in 18th century (B35).
Stowe gardens used for battle training by the Home Guard during the Second World War (B40).
1921 sales catalogue (B42).
Conservation Area designated on 18th July 1990. See summary (B52).
Brief account of visit to the gardens in late April or early May 1831 (B53).
Article suggesting that the early 18th century eastern extension of the gardens in the Elysian Fields, Hawkwell Field and the Grecian Valley may have been designed and laid out by James Gibbs in the late 1730s and 1740s (B56).
Article suggesting that the simplistic iconography of the early 18th century gardens was transformed by the adoption of a unify theme from the 1730s, based on the judgement of Hercules choosing between vice and virtue, with the western gardens representing vice or sensual pleasure and the eastern gardens representing virue (B57).
Landscape Conservation Statement by Dr Sarah Rutherford, prepared following the proposal to build a new music school in Lady Temple's Spinney. The statement expands and updates the relevant sections of the 'Stowe Framework Conservation Plan' 1997-2001, and considers the environs of Lee's Bastion, at the west edge of the Western Garden alongside The Course, the main approach drive to Stowe Mansion and School. See report for further details (B61).

Sources (16)

  • ---SBC17422 Aerial Photograph: 04/09/76. BCM A2/11/20-22. SP\674376. Yes.
  • <13>SBC16362 Bibliographic reference: WAINWRIGHT A 1989 NATIONAL TRUST ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY: STOWE (COPY, FILED).
  • <17>SBC4634 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 1994. REGISTER OF PARKS & GARDENS OF SPECIAL HISTORIC INTEREST IN ENGLAND: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. Part 4.
  • <21>SBC20023 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. Stowe Park, Stowe, Buckinghamshire: An Archaeological Survey by English Heritage (Survey Report).
  • <26>SBC20898 Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeology. 2003. New Cable Trenches, Stowe School, Stowe: Archaeological Watching Brief Report.
  • <35>SBC22708 Article in serial: Kate Felus. 2006. 'Boats and Boating in the Designed Landscape, 1720-1820', in Journal of the Garden History Society, Summer 2006, pp22-46.. Vol 34, No. 1. pp26-30,39; Figs 4-6.
  • <41>SBC22826 Unpublished document: Amanda Pickard. 2003. Stowe in the War. 6.
  • <42>SBC22853 Unpublished document: 1921. Sales catalogue of 1921 auction of Stowe Estate.
  • <52>SBC23753 Bibliographic reference: Aylesbury Vale District Council. 2008. Stowe Conservation Area Summary.
  • <53>SBC23894 Bibliographic reference: John Claudius Loudon. 1990. In Search of English Gardens: The Travels of John Claudius Loudon and His Wife Jane. p57, illustrations pp54, 55 & 56.
  • <56>SBC24065 Article in monograph: Buckinghamshire Gardens Trust. 2008. Gibbs and Gardening: The Work of the Eighteenth-Century Architect James Gibbs. pp7-12.
  • <57>SBC24063 Article in monograph: Buckinghamshire Gardens Trust. 2007. Talking Heads: Garden Statuary in the Eighteenth Century. pp25-31.
  • <59>SBC24191 Unpublished document: Network Archaeology. 2011. Stowe Golf Course: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment and Field Reconnaissance Survey.
  • <60>SBC24192 Unpublished document: Network Archaeology. 2011. Stowe School Music School: Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment and Field Reconnaissance Survey.
  • <61>SBC24275 Unpublished document: Sarah Rutherford. 2011. New Music School Site: Lee's Bastion & Nelson's Walk - Historic Landscape Analysis & Conservation Statement.
  • <63>SBC24371 Article in serial: John Phibbs. 2013. 'A List of Landscapes That Have Been Attributed to Lancelot 'Capability' Brown', in Garden History Vol 41 part 2 pp244-277. Vol 41, part 2. p269.

Location

Grid reference Centred SP 67516 37652 (3323m by 6959m) (Centred on)
Civil Parish LUFFIELD ABBEY, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish BIDDLESDEN, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish RADCLIVE-CUM-CHACKMORE, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish STOWE, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (136)

Related Events/Activities (3)

  • Event - Intervention: Watching brief (EBC16247)
  • Event - Intervention: Watching brief (Ref: STSNC 02) (EBC16520)
  • Event - Intervention: Watching brief carrried out during the installation of new oil tank, associated service trench and car park areas (EBC16246)

Record last edited

Mar 10 2021 1:37PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any questions or more information about this record? Please feel free to comment below with your name and email address. All comments are submitted to the Heritage Portal maintainers for moderation, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible. Comments, questions and answers that may be helpful to other users will be retained and displayed along with the name you supply. The email address you supply will never be displayed or shared.