Monument record 0420809000 - Deer Park Boundary, Stowe Designed Landscape


Seventeenth to eighteenth century deer park boundary bank and ditch

Protected Status/Designation

  • SHINE: Stowe medieval to post medieval landscape garden, medieval deserted villages of Lamport & Boycott, shrunken village of Daford, also moats, manors and fishponds, ridge and furrow earthworks & cropmarks, and areas of ancient semi natural woodland


Type and Period (3)

  • DEER PARK (17th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD? to 1799 AD)
  • DITCH (Post-Medieval - 1540 AD to 1798 AD)
  • HOLLOW WAY (Medieval to Post-Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1798 AD?)


The English Heritage Survey of Stowe undertaken in 2001 notes that the northern boundary of the Deer Park is marked by a park pale earthwork. The best preserved stretch lies to the west of Dadford Close where the ditch is 3m wide and up to 2m deep. The ditch gets shallower in the north and has a small bank on the northern side. The boundary runs as far a Haymanger Pond and then begins north of the site of the kennels at SP67093898 and continues ot the southern end of the Roothouse River at SP67573911. Here the park pale takes the form of a slight ditch 2m wide and 0,3m deep with an intermittant bank on the south side. The survey also notes that it cuts through broad ridge and furrow west of Dadford Close (1)

A sinuous post-medieval deer park boundary ditch is visible on historic aerial photographs and remote sensing data as earthworks and was mapped as part of the North Buckinghamshire Aerial Investigation and Mapping project (EBC18304). Located in fields east and north of Dadford village and centred at SP 66992 38456, The sinuous 7 metres wide ditch extends from just north of Vancouver Lodge north for about 175 metres, turning north-west for a further 270 metres, terminating W of North Hill. It is depicted on the 1814 Ordnance Surveyors Drawing as a parkland boundary, but only as a field boundary on the 1881 1st Edition OS map. It may be that part of the course of the deer park boundary just east of the village was formally part of a medieval hollow way that wound through a series of earthwork platforms and terraces that may represent medieval village shrinkage (3-6).

Sources (6)

  • <1>SBC20024 Unpublished document: Hazel Riley. 2001. Stowe Park, Stowe, Buckinghamshire: An Archaeological Survey by English Heritage (Site Gazetteer). AI/21/2001.
  • <2>SBC20023 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. Stowe Park, Stowe, Buckinghamshire: An Archaeological Survey by English Heritage (Survey Report).
  • <3>SBC26102 Aerial Photograph: Historic England. 2023. RAF-CPE-UK-1792 RS 4186 11-OCT-1946.
  • <4>SBC25062 Digital archive: Environment Agency. Environment Agency LiDAR data. LIDAR SP63NE Environment Agency National LIDAR Programme DTM 1 Metre dated 2019 SP6738.
  • <5>SBC26096 Digital archive: BRITISH LIBRARY. 2023. Boyce. 1814. Ordnance Surveyor Drawing 2 inches to 1 mile (1:31,680) scale - Stony Stratford (OSD 229). Date Accessed 27-SEP-2022.
  • <6>SBC25776 Map: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey 1st Edition 25 inch (1:2500) scale map. Map. Buckinghamshire VIII.3 1881.


Grid reference Centred SP 6724 3872 (680m by 776m)
Civil Parish LUFFIELD ABBEY, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish BIDDLESDEN, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish STOWE, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (4)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Survey: Aerial investigation and mapping project (Ref: 7768) (EBC18304)

Record last edited

Jun 27 2023 9:44AM

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