Building record 0420802002 - QUEEN'S TEMPLE, Stowe Landscape Gardens


Eighteenth century garden temple with Roman mosaic from Foscott villa inserted in the nineteenth century

Protected Status/Designation

  • Listed Building (I) 1211938: THE QUEENS TEMPLE
  • SHINE: Stowe medieval to post medieval landscape garden, medieval deserted villages of Lamport & Boycott, shrunken village of Daford, also moats, manors and fishponds, ridge and furrow earthworks & cropmarks, and areas of ancient semi natural woodland


Type and Period (1)

  • GARDEN TEMPLE (18th Century - 1700 AD to 1799 AD)


Grade I. Pavilion of c1740 by Gibbs, remodelled c1770. Balustraded parapet, ashlar stone, rusticated to basement 3-bay corinthian portico on south approached by stone steps with balustrades. Glazed central opening, niches with urns each side. North front also has slightly projecting pedimented centre with curved Ionic portico, flanking niches. Interior: decorations by Valdre. Floor has Roman tesselated pavement moved from Foscott 1839-40 [CAS 0773].(RCHM II p.286 MON 1)(B14).
The National Trust Survey of Stowe undertaken in 1989 gives additional historical information about the building - built in the 1740s in a much simpler form and known as the Ladies temple; enlarged and embellished in the 1770s and dedicated to Queen Caroline (sic. Queen Charlotte), wife of George III; and now used by the Music Department of the school. (B13,B20).
Included in English Heritage's Buildings at Risk Registers. In 1999-2002 described as priority D: Slow decay; solution agreed but not yet implemented. In 2006-11 described as priority 1 (F): 'Repair scheme in progress…'. In 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 described as priority C: 'Slow decay; no solution agreed' (B33, B37-39,B43,B45,B48,B54,B64,B68-70).

Sources (17)

  • ---SBC17422 Aerial Photograph: 04/09/76. BCM A2/11/20-22. SP\674376. Yes.
  • ---SBC21871 Aerial Photograph: 1965.
  • <14>SBC3681 Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1983. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. pp26-27.
  • <20>SBC20023 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. Stowe Park, Stowe, Buckinghamshire: An Archaeological Survey by English Heritage (Survey Report).
  • <33>SBC22671 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2006. English Heritage Register of Buildings at Risk 2006. p52.
  • <37>SBC19679 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 1999. English Heritage Register of Buildings at Risk 1999. p54.
  • <38>SBC19680 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2001. English Heritage Register of Buildings at Risk 2001. p57.
  • <39>SBC19681 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2002. English Heritage Register of Buildings at Risk 2002. p55.
  • <43>SBC22953 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2007. English Heritage Register of Buildings at Risk 2007. p50.
  • <45>SBC23138 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2008. Heritage at Risk Register 2008. p212.
  • <48>SBC23453 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South East. p28.
  • <54>SBC24032 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South East. p23.
  • <64>SBC24601 Digital archive: Historic England. 2015. Heritage at Risk Register 2015.
  • <68>SBC24775 Digital archive: Historic England. 2016. Heritage at Risk Register 2016. p6.
  • <69>SBC24932 Digital archive: Historic England. 2017. Heritage at Risk Register 2017.
  • <70>SBC25083 Digital archive: Historic England. 2018. Heritage at Risk Register 2018.


Grid reference SP 67723 37694 (point) (Exact)
Civil Parish STOWE, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (3)

Related Events/Activities (2)

  • Event - Survey: (EBC14100)
  • Event - Survey: Site visit (EBC13583)

Record last edited

Jan 2 2020 12:09PM

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