Monument record 0086800000 - YEWDEN VILLA

Summary

Roman villa recorded in excavation in the early twentieth century

Protected Status/Designation

  • Ancient Monument 1014606: ROMAN VILLA NORTH OF YEWDEN LODGE
  • Planning Notification Area: Roman villa complex at Yewden, with associated buildings, field systems and trackways
  • SHINE: Yewden Roman villa complex and associated field systems

Map

Type and Period (1)

  • VILLA (1st Century Roman to 4th Century - 43 AD to 399 AD)

Description

VILLA SITE, MID C1 TO END C4. MAIN AREA OF HOUSE & OUTBUILDINGS ENCLOSED BY FLINT WALL. ?EARLIER INDUSTRIAL AREA TO N. DITCHED RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE TO E. OTHER BUILDINGS WEST OF VILLA (CASS 04557), & MILL END VILLA, ONLY 700M SE, MAY BE ASSOCIATED (CASS 00788). EXCAVATED BY A H COCKS, 1912 (B1-9).
SCHEDULED: SAM 27160 (B21).
Included in English Heritage's Heritage at Risk Register 2009, 2011, 2015-2019. Condition described as 'Extensive significant problems ie under plough, collapse' with the principal vulnerability from arable ploughing and trend as declining. In 2017-2019 condition described as 'Generally unsatisfactory with major localised problems' with the principal vulnerability from arable ploughing and trend as stable (B23,B28,B30,B32-34,B36).
Community archaeology project from 2008 to 2010 to re-evaluate evidence from Cocks' excavation and to gather additional information from the vicinity of the villa by fieldwalking and metal-detecting surveys, geophysics and woodland surveys (B27).

Sources (37)

  • ---SBC21164 Aerial Photograph: RCHM (NMR). 1990. 1990 RCHM (NMR) Oblique AP. SU786854. Yes.
  • <1>SBC3070 Article in serial: Alfred Heneage Cocks. 1921. 'A ROMANO-BRITISH HOMESTEAD IN THE HAMBLEDEN VALLEY', IN ARCHAEOLOGIA 71 PP141-198. Vol 71.
  • <2>SBC12648 Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 P181.
  • <3>SBC13219 Article in serial: RECS OF BUCKS 10 1912-13 PP131,183.
  • <4>SBC6871 Article in serial: JOURNAL OF ROMAN STUDIES 11 1921 P215.
  • <5>SBC1692 Article in serial: 1925. BERKS, BUCKS & OXON ARCH. JNL 29 P81. Vol 29.
  • <6>SBC1836 Article in serial: Keith Branigan. 1968. 'ROMANO BRITISH RURAL SETTLEMENT IN THE WEST CHILTERNS', IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL JNL 124 P152. Vol 124.
  • <7>SBC11093 Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD SU 78 NE 12 (FILED).
  • <8>SBC1877 Article in serial: Mike Farley (BCM). 1983. NOTE IN BRITANNIA 14 PP256-259. Vol 14.
  • <9>SBC900 Unpublished document: BCM ACCESSIONS & LOANS REGISTERS.
  • <10>SBC4354 Verbal communication: DR GRACE SIMPSON, OXFORD, TO M E FARLEY FEB 1979.
  • <11>SBC9260 Verbal communication: MR BOWDEN TO M E FARLEY APRIL 1979.
  • <12>SBC9331 Unpublished document: MR M R BIRD & M E FARLEY, SEPT 1979 (& SEE LIST OF FINDS & PHOTOS FILED).
  • <13>SBC2258 Unpublished document: County Museum Archaeological Group. CMAG CATALOGUE OF HAMBLEDEN IRONWORK.
  • <14>SBC467 Graphic material: Denise Allen (BCM). AP 1-9. PLOT AT 1:2500 (NMR METHOD) (PLOT FILED).
  • <15>SBC5581 Bibliographic reference: T Gates. 1975. MIDDLE THAMES VALLEY: ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE RIVER GRAVELS P42 & MAP 21.
  • <16>SBC5529 Verbal communication: G E SCRIMGFOUR, FROM B14, JUNE 1988.
  • <17>SBC6893 Unpublished document: Arthur Keith. Undated. 'REPORT ON THE HUMAN REMAINS DISCOVERED...DURING EXCAVATIONS OF THE ROMAN SITE AT YEWDEN, HAMBLEDEN.
  • <18>SBC638 Bibliographic reference: ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM & M E FARLEY, 1978.
  • <19>SBC4331 Unpublished document: DR C E KING, ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM, OXFORD, OCT 1983/BCM COIN CATALOGUE.
  • <20>SBC7097 Article in serial: D King. 1986. 'PETROLOGY, DATING & DISTRIBUTION OF QUERNS & MILLSTONES', IN UNIV LONDON INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY BULLETIN 23 PP65-126.
  • <21>SBC23998 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1996. SCHEDULING LISTS OF INSPECTORATE OF ANCIENT MONUMENTS.
  • <22>SBC13178 Unpublished document: RCHM(E). 1995. The Thames Valley Project: a Report for the National Mapping Programme.
  • <23>SBC23453 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South East. p30.
  • <24>SBC23527 Unpublished document: Simon Mays. October 2008. Romans in the Hambleden Valley Project.
  • <25>SBC24017 Article in serial: Simon Mays & Jill Eyers. 2011. 'Perinatal Infant Death at the Roman Villa Site at Hambleden', in Journal of Archaeological Science 38 pp1931-1938. Vol 38.
  • <26>SBC24018 Article in serial: Jill Eyers & Simon Mays. 2011. 'Infanticide in Roman Britain?: The Yewden Villa Babies', in Current Archaeology 260 pp28-33. Issue 260.
  • <27>SBC24001 Bibliographic reference: J E Eyers (ed). 2011. Romans in the Hambleden Valley: Yewden Roman Villa.
  • <28>SBC24032 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South East. p26.
  • <29>SBC24373 Article in serial: Agnieszka Tomas. 2013. 'Armia rzymska i prostytucja – mit czy rzeczywistość?', in Archeo U W (Journal of the University of Warsaw, Institute of Archaeology). No 1.
  • <30>SBC24601 Digital archive: Historic England. 2015. Heritage at Risk Register 2015.
  • <31>SBC24733 Article in serial: Simon Mays. 2014. The baby burials at Yewden Roman Villa - English Heritage Research News 21, September 2014.
  • <32>SBC24775 Digital archive: Historic England. 2016. Heritage at Risk Register 2016. p8.
  • <33>SBC24932 Digital archive: Historic England. 2017. Heritage at Risk Register 2017.
  • <34>SBC25083 Digital archive: Historic England. 2018. Heritage at Risk Register 2018.
  • <35>SBC24859 Bibliographic reference: David S Neal and Stephen R Cosh. 2009. Roman Mosaics of Britain Volume III: South-east Britain Part 1.
  • <36>SBC25245 Digital archive: Historic England. 2019. Heritage at Risk Register 2019. p133.

Location

Grid reference Centred SU 7836 8562 (300m by 340m) (Centred on)
Civil Parish HAMBLEDEN, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (16)

Related Events/Activities (3)

  • Event - Survey: Aerial photography (EBC119)
  • Event - Intervention: Excavation (EBC1000)
  • Event - Survey: Fieldwalking (Ref: HAM08) (EBC17236)

Record last edited

Aug 10 2020 8:48PM

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