Monument record 0660603000 - Government Research Establishment, Westcott


Cold War rocket test facility and rocket motor factory at Westcott airfield.

Protected Status/Designation

  • Planning Notification Area: Cold War rocket test facility and rocket motor factory at Westcott airfield


Type and Period (2)

  • ROCKET TEST FACILITY (Modern - 1946 AD to 1984 AD?)
  • ROCKET MOTOR FACTORY (Modern - 1946 AD to 1994 AD?)


Guided Projectile Establishment (later Rocket Propulsion Department) set up on site by Ministry of Supply to study rocket propulsion. Linked to Royal Gunpowder Factory, Waltham Abbey. Became Rocket Propulsion Establishment in 1958. Later merged in 1973 with Waltham Abbey site and further reorganisation in 1977 created the Propellants, Explosives and Rocket Motor Establishment (PERME). Sites split in 1984 in lead up to privatisation of Royal Ordnance, Westcott passing to Royal Ordnance; further details (B3-4).
MPP Cold War remains assessment (B5).

Sources (6)

  • <3>SBC19273 Bibliographic reference: Wayne D Cocroft. 2000. Dangerous Energy. pp247-252, Figs 8.22-8.26,8.28-8.30,8.40.
  • <4>SBC19274 Unpublished document: RCHME. Monument Details :Royal Ordnance Factory Westcott.
  • <5>SBC19422 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2001. Cold War Monuments: an assessment by the Monuments Protection Programme.
  • <6>SBC22398 Bibliographic reference: Wayne D Cocroft and Roger J C Thomas (edited by P S Barnwell). 2004. Cold War: Building for Nuclear Confrontation 1946-1989. pp46-7, 240, 256, Figs 3.36, 10.17.
  • <9>SBC23308 Article in serial: Wayne D Cocroft. 2006. 'The Spadeadam Blue Streak Underground Launcher Facility U1', in Prospero (The Journal of British Rocketry and Nuclear History) Number 3 pp7-14. No 3.
  • <10>SBC23309 Bibliographic reference: C N Hill. 2001. A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971.


Grid reference SP 7100 1700 (point)
Civil Parish WESTCOTT, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (9)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Survey: MPP assessment (EBC15924)

Record last edited

Aug 8 2023 1:09PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any questions or more information about this record? Please feel free to comment below with your name and email address. All comments are submitted to the Heritage Portal maintainers for moderation, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible. Comments, questions and answers that may be helpful to other users will be retained and displayed along with the name you supply. The email address you supply will never be displayed or shared.