Monument record 0289600000 - EDLESBOROUGH MILLS

Summary

Nineteenth century complex of wind, water and steam-powered mills.

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Map

Type and Period (4)

  • STEAM MILL (19th Century to Modern - 1800 AD to 1945 AD)
  • WATERMILL (19th Century to Modern - 1800 AD to 1945 AD)
  • WINDMILL (19th Century to Modern - 1800 AD to 1945 AD)
  • (Former Type) CORN MILL (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)

Description

The Domesday book notes 2 mills worths 15s 4d belonging the the manor of Eddinberge (B1). The Calender of Inquisitions Post Mortem of 1270 mentions a mill (B15) and, in 1278, an assize was called 'atte the mill of Edlesborough' (B4). The Court Roll of 1411 mentions 'raising the bank at Rufford's Mill' (B13). Maps from 1788 (B2) and 1825 (B3) show a watermill at the location. The Victorian County History of Bucks of 1912 notes that steam is employed when insufficient water prevents waterpower being utilised, and that the sails of the old windmill were blown down in 1895 (B6). In 1932, Smith describes the windmill as being made of circular brick with ogee cap, but that it has no sails and is derelict (B7). 1939 Kelly's Directory suggests that the mill stopped working 1932 (B12). In 1969, the complex was described as containing the remains of the empty shell of a tower mill, the remains of an auxilliary steam powered mill and a watermill. The watermill is noted as extremely derelict. It was of the overshot type, 12ft O/D, and drove three pairs of stones which survived with much of the driving system (B8). The windmill is described as derelict again in 1976 (B9). A site visit in 1990 revealed that the water and windmills have been coverted to houses. The wooden building at the eastern end of the complex, which once housed the steam engine, remained standing but was derelict (B11). Kenneth Reid shows a sketch of 'Bellows Mill, Edlesborough' dating from 1930 (B17). Photographs in the Underhill Collection at the Ashmolean Museum (B16).
Detailed historical notes and 1930s condition. Standing disused in 2006 (B18)

Sources (18)

  • <1>SBC4271 Bibliographic reference: John Morris (ed). 1978. Domesday Book: Buckinghamshire.
  • <2>SBC6747 Map: JEFFREYS T 1788 MAP OF BUCKS/ BRYANT A 1825 MAP OF BUCKS.
  • <3>SBC12398 Bibliographic reference: POSSE COMITATUS 1798 (MS AT BRO, REF L/P/15&16). L/P/15 and 16.
  • <4>SBC7685 Bibliographic reference: LIPSCOMB 3 P346. p346.
  • <5>SBC10589 Map: OS MAP 1878/84 1:10560, IST EDN/OS 1974 1:2500 MAP.
  • <6>SBC15238 Bibliographic reference: VCH BEDS 1912 3 P370/ VCH BUCKS 3 P351. p351, 370.
  • <7>SBC14625 Bibliographic reference: SMITH D 1932 ENGLISH WINDMILLS 2 PP131, 136. pp131, 136.
  • <8>SBC2731 Article in serial: CBA GROUP 9, BULLETIN OF INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY 9 (1969) P9. p9.
  • <9>SBC14611 Bibliographic reference: SMITH AC 1976 WINDMILLS IN BUCKS &OXON P17 (&ILLUS P9). pp9, 17.
  • <10>SBC16322 Bibliographic reference: VINCE J 1976 WINDMILLS IN BUCKS &THE CHILTERNS P19. p19.
  • <11>SBC528 Verbal communication: ARP 1977(JULY) FIELD VISIT (& PERS COMM 13 JUNE 19 90).
  • <12>SBC6993 Bibliographic reference: Kelly's Directories Ltd. 1939. KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF BUCKS -1939.
  • <13>SBC4724 Bibliographic reference: EXTRACT FROM COURT ROLLS AT BEDS CRO, REF KK944/2; (PER MR SR COLEMAN, PLANNING DEPT, BEDS CC, SEPT . KK944/2.
  • <14>SBC9581 Unpublished document: MS NOTES OF S FREESE, 1946.
  • <15>SBC2277 Bibliographic reference: CALENDAR OF INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM (1270) (PER M R GR ELVEY).
  • <16>SBC610 Bibliographic reference: ARP FROM UNDERHILL COLLECTION(ALBUM OF PHOTOS IN M USEUM OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE, OLD ASHMOLEAN BU. MS 185.
  • <17>SBC19854 Bibliographic reference: Kenneth C Reid. 1987. Watermills of the London Countryside: Their Place in English Landscape & Life. 1. Acknowledgements.
  • <18>SBC23045 Bibliographic reference: Michael Farley, Edward Legg and James Venn (eds). 2007. The Watermills of Buckinghamshire: A 1930s account by Stanley Freese with original photographs. p.54.

Location

Grid reference SP 9825 1916 (point) (Exact)
Civil Parish EDLESBOROUGH, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (3)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Survey: Site visit (EBC17678)

Record last edited

Jul 24 2015 6:53PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any questions or more information about this record? Please feel free to comment below with your name and email address. All comments are submitted to the Heritage Portal maintainers for moderation, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible. Comments, questions and answers that may be helpful to other users will be retained and displayed along with the name you supply. The email address you supply will never be displayed or shared.