Monument record 0690600000 - Little Horwood Airfield

Summary

RAF airfield at Little Horwood used by Operational Training Units during World War II.

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Map

Type and Period (1)

  • MILITARY AIRFIELD (Modern - 1942 AD to 1946 AD)

Description

Little Horwood airfield was established to act as as a base for Operation Training Units to train recruits for combat and for 'Nickelling' (dropping propoganda leaflets over France). Rubble from bomb damaged London was brought by rail and truck to the site to be used as hardcore for the runways, dispersal areas and roads. The airfield went operational on 2nd September 1942 and served as a satellite for Wing airfield. Wellington bombers from No 26 OTU arrived along with OTU Gunnery section and the 92 Group Communications flight to commence the basic training of recruits. A notable accident was the Wellington Bomber X3790 which crashed into Winslow Town Centre on 7th August 1943 killing four of the crew and 13 civilians. No 1684 OTU Bomber Defence Training Flight moved to Little Horwood on 5th June 1943 and simulation battles were undertaken using Tomahawk aricraft. Flying finished at Little Horwood on 30th November 1945 with the remnants of No 26 OTU remaining until January 1946 (B1).
RAF detailed plans of airfield in 1945 (B3-4).
Geophysical survey carried out in January and February 2008 identified a large number of strong magnetic disturbances corresponding to the edges of the former airfield runways, perimeter and access tracks and dispersal bays. Likely to represent spreads of hardcore from construction of the airfield (B6).
Trial trench evaluation confirmed presence of settlement identified during geophysical survey. See report for further details (B7).

Sources (10)

  • ---SBC20205 Aerial Photograph: RAF 90 Squadron. 1946. RAF Vertical Aerial photograph, 1946: Run 325, frame 6136. SP78703050. Yes. Yes.
  • ---SBC20206 Aerial Photograph: RAF 90 Squadron. 1946. RAF Vertical Aerial Photograph, 1946: Run 325, frame 6138. SP76373010. Yes.
  • <1>SBC19271 Bibliographic reference: Robin J Brooks. 2000. Thames Valley Airfields in the Second World War. pp106-11, 239-41.
  • <2>SBC20207 Bibliographic reference: Council for British Archaeology. Defence of Britain Project.
  • <3>SBC22568 Graphic material: Air Ministry (RAF). 1945. RAF Little Horwood record site plan. Drawing no. 1663/45.
  • <4>SBC22569 Graphic material: Air Ministry (RAF). 1945. RAF Little Horwood record site plan. Drawing no. 1662/45.
  • <5>SBC22552 Unpublished document: Phoenix Consulting. 2005. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment: Greenway Village, Winslow.
  • <6>SBC23501 Unpublished document: Bartlett-Clark Consultancy. 2008. The Greenway Project, Winslow: Report on Archaeogeophysical Survey.
  • <7>SBC24220 Unpublished document: Northamptonshire Archaeology. 2008. Archaeological evaluation at the proposed 'Winslow Green' development site, Winslow.
  • <8>SBC25359 Digital archive: UK Pillbox Study Group. 2020. UK Pillbox Study Group - Database of Modern Defence Sites.

Location

Grid reference Centred SP 77667 29936 (2106m by 2374m) (Exact)
Civil Parish LITTLE HORWOOD, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish GREAT HORWOOD, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Survey: Geophysical survey (EBC17213)

Record last edited

Sep 15 2020 4:22PM

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