Monument record 0210100000 - EAST OF BOVENEY VILLAGE Area 16: rectangular ditched enclosure

Summary

Sub rectangular enclosure, an Iron Age and Roman farmstead, on the edge of a gravel island excavated in advance of the construction of Eton Rowing Course

Protected Status/Designation

  • Planning Notification Area: Multiperiod complex of settlements, field systems and cemeteries, partly excavated for a rowing lake

Map

Type and Period (3)

  • FARMSTEAD? (Early Iron Age to 3rd Century - 700 BC? to 299 AD?)
  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Early Iron Age to 3rd Century - 700 BC to 299 AD)
  • BURIAL (Unknown date)

Description

SUBRECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE WITH ?HUT CIRCLE & PITS INSIDE, SITUATED ON EDGE OF GRAVEL ISLAND ON THE DORNEY FLOODPLAIN C.400M FROM THE THAMES. PROBABLY IRON AGE: LATE IRON AGE POTTERY HAS BEEN FOUND THERE AS WELL AS SAXON, & MESOLITHIC/NEOLITHIC/BRONZE AGE FLINT. FIELDWALKING BY P CARSTAIRS ON SITE OF ENCLOSURE & N & S OF IT PRODUCED MESOLITHIC FLINTWORK, NEOLITHIC & BRONZE AGE FLINTWORK, A SHERD OF LATE IRON AGE POTTERY & 1 OF ROMANO-BRITISH POTTERY. A FEW SHERDS OF SAXON POTTERY HAVE BEEN RECOVERED FROM THE PLOUGHSOIL OVER THE ENCLOSURE (1-9).
In the course of construction of the Eton Rowing lake, this site will be lost under the return lake of the rowing course. As a consequence, Oxford Archaeology undertook an area excavation calling the area 'Site 16'. More than 0.82 hectares of topsoil was removed to expose the majority of the cropmark rectangular enclosure. The cropmark had indicated that the enclosure had two parts/phases with a smaller annexe to the N. Early Neolithic struck flint and fragments of Plain Bowl and Peterborough Ware were recovered from the soils of the interior. To the S, a group of burnt patches and possible postholes of Neolithic or early Bronze Age were found. The cropmark ring ditch proved to be early Bronze Age with finds of both Beaker and early Bronze Age pottery. There were no internal burials, but a crouched inhumation was found cut into the ditch and another lay in a shallow pit just outside to the E. A four-post structure lay slightly off-centre within the ring ditch. To the west, concentrations of burnt flint and charcoal were found over a distance of nearly 100m along the edge of the gravel terrace suggesting that the watercourse was moving westwards and that successive ditches were cut through the silted Bronze Age and Iron Age phases of the watercourse. The main enclosure proved to have several phases - the ditch was about 1.5m deep and 2.5m - 3m wide in both the Iron Age and Early Roman period. It had a single narrow entrance on the N side. A rectangular 9-post building was found on the east side and an arc of gully surrounding a group of postholes on the S. Iron Age pits were only found in the SE part of the interior, and a group of these pits formed a continuation of the line of the gully arc. A further cluster of postholes lay in the centre of the enclosure but did not form any obvious shape. Arcs of postholes outside the structure suggest further structures. Finds include a substantial number of decorated vessels and a Kentish potin coin. The enclosure was extended northward in the early Roman period and its use continued until the 3rd century. The main enclosure ditch was accompanied and eventually replaced by smaller parallel ditches and gullies on the W Side - four seperate ditch cuts and at least three gullies were noted. During the Roman period a trackway defined by two parallel gullies ran away to the S. No Roman buildings were found, althrough shallow pits contained occupation debris and 5 stone-lined wells (three within the southern enclosure - two with timber linings) and two within the northern extension. Two baby burials were found in the northern enclosure. A dog burial was also noted in the main ditch to the N (10).

Sources (21)

  • ---SBC17588 Aerial Photograph: 23/06/75. CCS 74/5.26. SU\927779.
  • ---SBC17946 Aerial Photograph: 17/06/57. CUC VF 65. \. Yes.
  • ---SBC17947 Aerial Photograph: 17/06/57. CUC VF 66. \. Yes.
  • ---SBC17989 Aerial Photograph: 19/06/59. CUC YO 31. \. Yes.
  • ---SBC18347 Aerial Photograph: 24/07/75. NMR 9278/4/76. SU\927782. Yes. Yes.
  • ---SBC18348 Aerial Photograph: 24/07/75. NMR 9278/4/77. SU\926782. Yes. Yes.
  • ---SBC18349 Aerial Photograph: 24/07/75. NMR 9278/5/81. SU\923786. Yes. Yes.
  • ---SBC18350 Aerial Photograph: 24/07/75. NMR 9278/5/82. SU\927779. Yes. Yes.
  • ---SBC18351 Aerial Photograph: 17/07/76. NMR 9278/6/77. SU\927777. Yes. Yes.
  • ---SBC18352 Aerial Photograph: 17/07/76. NMR 9278/6/78. SU\927778. Yes. Yes.
  • ---SBC18353 Aerial Photograph: 17/07/76. NMR 9278/7/79. SU\927781. Yes. Yes.
  • <1>SBC10568 Bibliographic reference: OS FIELD INVESTIGATOR FROM AP1-5/OS RECORD CARD SU 97 NW 44 (FILED).
  • <2>SBC14852 Verbal communication: STANLEY C TO FARLEY M E (BCM) DEC 1974 PERS COMM.
  • <3>SBC8515 Bibliographic reference: MIDDLE THAMES ARCH & HIST SOC NEWSLETTER 20 1975 P19 (REFERRING TO AP6).
  • <4>SBC4815 Bibliographic reference: FARLEY M E (BCM) 1976.
  • <5>SBC3468 Graphic material: Denise Allen (BCM). 1979. AP PLOT (FILED).
  • <6>SBC13178 Unpublished document: RCHM(E). 1995. The Thames Valley Project: a Report for the National Mapping Programme.
  • <7>SBC2471 Bibliographic reference: CAS CARD 2101.
  • <8>SBC14072 Bibliographic reference: SCRIMGEOUR G E NOV 1987.
  • <9>SBC2399 Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire County Museum Archaeological Service. 1986. The Dorney Study: An Archaeological Implications Report.
  • <10>SBC19846 Article in serial: CBA South Midlands Group. 1998. South Midlands Archaeology 28, 1998. 28. pp77.

Location

Grid reference Centred SU 92738 77886 (145m by 91m)
Civil Parish DORNEY, South Bucks, Buckinghamshire

Finds (4)

  • VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BURNT FLINT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
  • VESSEL (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • VESSEL (Saxon - 410 AD? to 1065 AD?)

Related Monuments/Buildings (7)

Related Events/Activities (4)

  • Event - Survey: (EBC11890)
  • Event - Survey: Aerial photography (EBC119)
  • Event - Intervention: Eton College Rowing Course Project (EBC16357)
  • Event - Survey: Fieldwalking and auguring undertaken across Roman site under Eton Rowing Lake (EBC16353)

Record last edited

Aug 10 2020 9:16PM

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