Monument record 0001900000 - CHURCH HILL, WEST WYCOMBE


Iron Age hillfort on Church Hill recorded in field survey

Protected Status/Designation

  • Ancient Monument BU80: Camp on Church Hill
  • Planning Notification Area: Remains of Iron Age hillfort on Church Hill, West Wycombe


Type and Period (2)

  • UNIVALLATE HILLFORT (Early Iron Age to Late Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD)
  • HILLFORT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)


Dimensions - Radius 63m.
Plan Form - Circular.
Contour camp. Ditch with rampart & outer bank. Original entrance probably at NW gate of churchyard. Much of SE destroyed in C18 by Dashwood mausoleum (B4).
Univallate camp surrounds West Wycombe church & graveyard. Bank to N & NE 2.5M (B8).
Area scheduled not entirely satisfactory (B10).
Watching brief during excavation of pipe trench for church revealed possible inner ditch of hillfort (B12-13).
Background research and detailed topographic survey carried out by English Heritage between April 2000 and June 2001. Possible traces of refurbishment of defences identified. See report for detail (B14-B16).
Conservation management plan (B17).

Sources (20)

  • ---SBC17197 Aerial Photograph: AER A49251. SU\827949. Yes.
  • ---SBC17551 Aerial Photograph: 26/06/82. BCM A6/16 16A. SU\828949. Yes.
  • ---SBC17844 Aerial Photograph: 21/06/49. CUC CN 37. SU\828949. Yes.
  • <1>SBC2216 Article in serial: Rev W J Burgess. 1848. 'ANTIQUITIES OF THE CHILTERN HILLS', IN RECS OF BUCKS 1 P23.
  • <2>SBC20350 Bibliographic reference: A Hadrian Allcroft. 1908. Earthwork of England. pp134, 165, 167, Fig 51.
  • <3>SBC13286 Article in serial: RECS OF BUCKS 1856 1 P76;1889 6 P250(R.GIBBS:STATE OF THE BUCKS PARISH CHURCHES IN THE C16TH & C17TH.
  • <4>SBC15483 Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 3 P139.
  • <5>SBC12841 Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 PP318-319.
  • <6>SBC11812 Bibliographic reference: PEVSNER N 1960 BUCKINGHAMSHIRE PP287-289 PLS20A-20 B.
  • <7>SBC10628 Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD.
  • <9>SBC4984 Bibliographic reference: FARLEY M E FEB 1981.
  • <10>SBC3201 Unpublished document: CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MUSEUM & CHURCH 1963-1964 ( FILED)..
  • <11>SBC16357 Verbal communication: 1991. WAINWRIGHT A (NATIONAL TRUST) SEPT 1991.
  • <12>SBC19205 Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeological Unit. 2000. St. Lawrence's Church, West Wycombe, Bucks..
  • <13>SBC19576 Article in serial: National Trust. 2001. The National Trust Annual Archaeological Review 2000-2001. No 9. p57.
  • <14>SBC19995 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. West Wycombe Park Buckinghamshire - Part 1: Site History and Introduction. 1. pp1,3,9,33,34,36 Fig 5-11.
  • <15>SBC19996 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. West Wycombe Park Buckinghamshire - Part II: The Earthwork Surveys. 2. pp71-80,90-91 Fig 19-20 Plate 28-34.
  • <16>SBC19998 Graphic material: English Heritage. 2000. West Wycombe Park: detailed plans of Pleasure Grounds, Wider Parkland and Church Hill. 1:2500. Fig 18.
  • <17>SBC23229 Unpublished document: Parklands Consortium Ltd. 2008. West Wycombe Park: Historic Landscape Management Plan.


Grid reference SU 8276 9498 (point)
Civil Parish HIGH WYCOMBE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (5)

  • Event - Survey: Detailed topographic survey and background research (EBC16386)
  • Event - Survey: Site visit (EBC13826)
  • Event - Survey: Site visit (EBC17856)
  • Event - Survey: Site visit by EH Field Monument Warden (EBC17857)
  • Event - Intervention: Watching Brief (EBC15917)

Record last edited

May 20 2022 12:54PM

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