Building record 0122302000 - WYCOMBE ABBEY, MARLOW HILL

Summary

Seventeenth century manor house, considerably extended and remodelled in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, now in use as public school

Protected Status/Designation

  • Listed Building (II*) 1310649: WYCOMBE ABBEY (PARTS OF WYCOMBE ABBEY SCHOOL)

Map

Type and Period (3)

  • COUNTRY HOUSE (Remodelled about 1804, 17th Century to 19th Century - 1600 AD? to 1896 AD)
  • PRIVATE SCHOOL (19th Century to Modern - 1896 AD to 1999 AD?)
  • (Former Type) MILITARY HEADQUARTERS (Modern - 1943 AD to 1946 AD)

Description

GRADE II+. PROBABLY C17, ENLARGED H KEENE, REMODELLED LATE C18/EARLY C19 BY JAMES WYATT FOR 1ST LORD CARRINGTON. HALL, NOW CALLED BIG SCHOOL, ADDED 1891. SHORTLY AFTERWARDS HOUSE & GROUNDS SOLD & BECAME GIRLS' PUBLIC SCHOOL [MORE](B7). POSSIBLY INCORPORATES PARTS OF OLD MANOR HOUSE OF LOAKES (B3). NO TRACE WITHIN FABRIC (B6).
The American 8th Army Air Force had its headquarters at Wycombe Abbey School from 1942 following America's entry into the war. It was staffed by 12,000 U.S servicemen who were accommodated in huts at Nearby Daws Hill House (B10). In 1942 the headmistress of the school received an official notice that in 13 days time the girls would have to vacate the site to make way for the USAF's 8th Army Force; they did not return until May 1946. They eventually left the Abbey but stayed at their Daws Hill base (B11). The US 8th Army Air Force headquarters moved in from the end of 1943 until 1946. Numerous huts once stood on the present lacrosse pitches (B12).

Sources (7)

  • <3>SBC14356 Bibliographic reference: SHEAHAN P926.
  • <6>SBC10628 Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD.
  • <7>SBC3604 Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1973. LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: WYCOMBE DISTRICT: BOROUGH OF HIGH WYCOMBE. p67.
  • <9>SBC17046 Bibliographic reference: WYCOMBE ABBEY SCHOOL JUNE? 1996 PHOTOGRAPHS OF WILLIAM CHAMBERS CHIMNEY PIECE BEFORE REMOVAL (FILED).
  • <10>SBC19581 Bibliographic reference: Buckinghamshire Record Office. 1995. BRO 1995 Wartime Buckinghamshire 1939-1945. p7.
  • <11>SBC22464 Bibliographic reference: James Rattue. 2002. High Wycombe Past. p101-2.
  • <12>SBC22575 Bibliographic reference: Martin Andrew. 2005. High Wycombe: A History and Celebration. p97.

Location

Grid reference SU 86581 92639 (point) (Exact)
Civil Parish HIGH WYCOMBE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Survey: (EBC14164)

Record last edited

May 18 2017 3:15PM

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