Monument record 0855300000 - Buckingham borough


Medieval to modern town of Buckingham, recorded in Domesday Book.

Protected Status/Designation

  • Conservation Area: Buckingham Conservation Area
  • Planning Notification Area: Buckingham town historic core


Type and Period (3)

  • (Former Type) VILL (Recorded 1086, 11th Century - 1000 AD to 1099 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval to Modern - 1066 AD to 1999 AD)
  • TOWN (Medieval to Modern - 1066 AD to 1999 AD)


Buckingham with Bourton answered for 1 hide before 1066 and does the same now. Land for 8 ploughs; in lordship 2. The villagers have 3 1/2 ploughs; a further 2 1/2 possible. 26 burgesses, 11 smallholders and 2 slaves. 1 mill at 14s; meadow for 8 ploughs; pasture for the village livestock. In total value it paid £10 at face value before 1066; now it pays £16 in white silver.
Bishop Remigius holds the church of this Borough. Land for 4 ploughs, which belong to it. 4 ploughs there. 3 villagers, 3 smallholders and 10 cottagers. 1 mill, 10s; meadow for 2 ploughs; wood for fencing. The value is and was £6; before 1066 £7. Bishop Wulfwy held this church from King Edward.
In this Borough the Bishop of Coutances has 3 burgesses, whom Wulfward son of Edeva held. They pay 6s 6d a year, and pay the King 11d.
Earl Hugh has 1 burgess who was Burghard of Shenley's man. He pays 26d a year, and 5d to the King.
Robert d'Oilly has 1 burgess who was Azor son of Toti's man. He pays 16d, and 5d to the King.
Roger of Ivry has 4 burgesses who were also Azor's men. They pay 7s 6d, and 13d to the King.
Hugh of Bolbec has 4 burgesses who were Alric's men. They pay 28d, and 12d to the King.
Mainou the Breton has 4 burgesses who were men of Edeva, wife of Sired. They pay 29d; they owe nothing to the King.
Hascoit Musard has 1 burgess who was Azor son of Toti's man. He pays 16d, and 2d to the King.
Arnulf of Hesdin has 1 burgess who was Wiglaf's. He pays 2s a year, and 3d to the King.
William of Castellion has 2 burgesses, of the holding of the Bishop of Bayeux, who were Earl Leofwin's men. They pay 16d, and now nothing to the King; but before 1066 they paid 3d.
From Earl Aubrey's holding, 1 burgess pays 2d to the King.
Leofwin of Nuneham has 5 burgesses, and had then before 1066. They pay him 4s a year, and 12d to the King (B1). NGR to centre of Buckingham.
1921 sales particulars of Stowe includes details of various estate buildings in Buckingham (B2).
Article detailing the 15th March 1725 Great Fire of Buckingham, an analysis of the losses recorded and the process of rebuilding, using documentary evidence and building survey (B3).
Local histories (B4-5).
Conservation Area designated in 1971 and reviewed on 27th April 2004. See appraisal (B6).
Historic towns characterisation project carried out in 2008. See report for detail (B7).

Sources (7)

  • <1>SBC4271 Bibliographic reference: John Morris (ed). 1978. Domesday Book: Buckinghamshire. B1-13.
  • <2>SBC22853 Unpublished document: 1921. Sales catalogue of 1921 auction of Stowe Estate.
  • <3>SBC22854 Article in serial: Paul Poornan. 2006. 'The Great Fire of Buckingham 1725: An Assessment of the Damage, the Loss and the Process of Recovery', in Recs of Bucks 46 pp19-51. Vol 46.
  • <4>SBC23160 Bibliographic reference: Clive Birch. 1997. Wish You Were Here…Buckingham.
  • <5>SBC23161 Bibliographic reference: Robert Cook. 1994. Buckingham and District in Old Photographs.
  • <6>SBC23656 Bibliographic reference: Aylesbury Vale District Council. 2005. Buckingham Conservation Area.
  • <7>SBC23726 Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire County Council. 2008. Buckingham: Historic Town Assessment Report.


Grid reference SP 695 339 (point)
Civil Parish BUCKINGHAM, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jun 13 2023 3:42PM

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