Monument record 0055601002 - QUARRENDON, S OF CHURCH RUIN


Sixteenth century formal water garden recorded in field survey and aerial photographs

Protected Status/Designation



Type and Period (2)

  • FORMAL GARDEN (16th Century - 1500 AD? to 1599 AD?)
  • WATER GARDEN (16th Century - 1500 AD? to 1599 AD?)


Dimensions - Length 270m, Width 170m.
Plan Form - Rectangular.
Substantial bank but flat topped & ditch on inside, as well as other sunken areas internally. Whole quite unlike a conventional moat; more likely to be a landscaped water garden. Great house possibly on level area in W of same field (B9).
RCHME topographical survey, comment and interpretation on geometric alignment of garden earthworks and water supply (B18).
The nationally significant earthwork remains of the extensive gardens and park of a lost C16 country
house, probably commissioned for Queen Elizabeth’s pre-eminent courtier and Queen’s Champion,
Sir Henry Lee. These include an exceptionally large late C16 water garden in three sections, with
terraces, ponds and canals, and a warren, all now within pasture. The site was abandoned in the C17, and the house gradually demolished by the early C18, with little disturbance since leaving a single-phase earthwork layout of magnificent complexity and scale. The ornamental landscape is comparable in scale locally with Ascott Old House, Wing, and further afield with other great C16 and early C17 gardens including Theobalds, Herts and Holdenby, Northants, but the central great water garden is unique. See report for detail (B22).

Sources (9)

  • ---SBC17284 Aerial Photograph: 12/12/75. BCM A1/5/12. SP\798156. Yes.
  • ---SBC17395 Aerial Photograph: 05/02/90. BCM A14/8/22A. SP\801157. Yes.
  • ---SBC17794 Aerial Photograph: 25/07/48. CUC BV 89. SP\802157. Yes.
  • ---SBC17814 Aerial Photograph: 09/04/49. CUC CA 80-83. SP\801158. Yes.
  • ---SBC17846 Aerial Photograph: 06/09/80. CUC CNH 40. SP\801159. Yes.
  • ---SBC18423 Aerial Photograph: 06/02/85. NMR SP7915/10/154. SP\799157. Yes.
  • <9>SBC5756 Bibliographic reference: GOWING C N & FARLEY M E SEPT 1973 FIELD VISIT.
  • <18>SBC19329 Article in serial: Paul Everson. 2001. Peasants, Peers and Graziers: The Landscape of Quarrendon, Buckinghamshire, interpreted.
  • <22>SBC25452 Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire Gardens Trust. 2021. Quarrendon House: Understanding Historic Parks and Gardens in Buckinghamshire.


Grid reference Centred SP 8005 1574 (300m by 340m)
Civil Parish QUARRENDON, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

  • Event - Survey: (EBC13663)
  • Event - Survey: (EBC13958)
  • Event - Survey: (EBC14179)

Record last edited

May 22 2022 4:12PM

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