Building record 1159800000 - Milestone on A413

Summary

18th to 19th Century milestone on A413 Whitchurch High Street

Protected Status/Designation

  • Listed Building (II) 1159879: MILESTONE 5 METRES TO SOUTH EAST OF NUMBER 49

Map

Type and Period (1)

  • MILESTONE (18th Century - 1700 AD to 1799 AD)

Description

GRADE II. MILESTONE. MID C18 WITH ALTERED LETTERING. DIAMOND-PLAN SHAFT INSCRIBED: 'LONDON 45, BUCKINGHAM 12, AYLESBURY 5, WHITCHURCH'. INCLUDED FOR GROUP VALUE (B1).
One of 14 probable eighteenth to niineteenth century milestones on 17 mile Buckingham - Aylesbury road recorded by V.F.Bignell [ Bletchley Archaeological and Historical Society] in January 1964 on 3 record cards. This card records 7 possible milestones "midway" between Aylesbury and Buckingham. 5 in good condition grey brown stone with flat faces, incised lettering in plain style. 2 missing. Plan of typical diamond shaped cross section 16 inches by 14 inches deep. [ Drawing, location and description available ] (B2).
Recorded as present in 2003 on Milestone Society website Aylesbury to Buckingham route National ID number BU_LC45. On west side of A413 in High Street ' close to Tudor House in front of notice board'. 30cm wide 30cm deep 72cm high. Inscription: left face: LONDON 45 AYLESBURY: centre face: LONDON 45 BUCKINGHAM 12 WHICHURCH. [ Detailed description, photograph and location available ] (B3).
Confirmed by handwritten notes on maps were in Bucks County Museumnow in Centre for Bucks Studies. Under title Milestoes-Types ' N. Aylesbury to Buckingham - C5, C6.' Stone- 5- sided. Angled to road, lettered on 2 sides. Note O.S. maps will show present positions- may not coincide wih historical positions. In same notes under " MILESTONES ( In site 1986 except ? ) and in red C1/2/3/4/5/6/7 L1." In pencil on title page NB Milestone 45 in centre of Whitchurch, therefore 200 yds discrepancy between position on the 1835 map. On OS 1" 1835, Bryant and Jefferies. 45: Whitchurch ( now in centre of village, W side) L in blue. In same notes under C5 all in pencil. NGR 804 206 Centre Whitchurch ( phone box W. side ) All stone 5 sided 2 labelled Buck + Ayl mileages facing wrong way. No bench mark. Drawing shows London 45 at top on both sides Ayles 5 toward bottom on L. Buck 12 towards bottom on R. "Pavement" along bottom. In same notes under Milestones with C in red box. In pencil [No mention of milestones in TMs up to 1808]. 1741 Geo.II c. 15 Cont. Act- MSs to be erected.TM. 1808 Mr. Herring to be paid when" [mile]stones properly and rightly spelt, are placed".TM. 1810 50 Geo.III - Rd. to be measured MSs and posts to be erected.G.9.I.1822 (July) Surveyor to give directions for Cast Iron Mile Posts on the road from Buckingham to Wendover, and Guide Posts where necessary.TM. But see below in red. 1822 (Oct.) 1 Surveyor to give directions for Mile Stones on "said road" to be fresh painted and letters fresh cut where necessary. 2. Guide posts to be all new painted and new posts where necessary.TM. 1823 John King to measure the T.P. road and prepare a map or plan for use of the Trustees [See T3/51- P.R.O.].TM. 1828 Measure of road from Wendover to Buckingham 21m. 2f. 121yds.TM. 1829 'Proper hand posts' to be put up, Aylesbury and elsewhere with distances marked thereon-.TM 1831 £8:8:0 to stone mason for "new facing and engraving milestone". ( Treas.A/cs.- Wend. To Oakham). 1832 Asking Mr.King for variations in distance on Wendover/Buckingham road by shortening at Padbury Br. And at Swanbourne turning.W.and B. Trust/Dup.Wis. 1834 Jan. The Clerk to "write to the Clerk of of Oak Lane trust stating that various improvements by shortening the road have been made and the Trustees , presuming that similar improvements have been made on the Oak Lane Trust, wish to be informed whether the milestones on the Oak Lane Trust have been placed accurately from last mile-stone on the Oxford Road…".TM. 1834 July "…measure distance from 18th milestone on Oxford road..to ascertain where respective milestones (to Buckingham) ought to stand".TM. 1835 2 Mar. Wendover to Buckingham 22m.Dup.Wis. 1835 24 Mar. "…that the present milestones in this Trust be taken up, and new faced and lettered and painted, and direct the turnpike road from the 18th milestone on the Uxbridge road from London"TM. 1848 1 June Length of T.P. road 21m. 2fur.110yds.Dup.Wis. 1858 MSs to be painted.GI.2. 1868 March Surveyor to report on state of milestones and "cost of putting them in good order".TM. 1868 October Tenders for repairing and re-writing milestones - Mr. Hodgkins; at 3/- per stone accepted.TM. 1871 Handposts to be painted and repaired "throughout".TM. [ Handwritten notes consulted ] (B4).
This milestone is recorded in The Toll Roads of Buckinghamshire 1706-1881 by Peter Gulland study of toll rods and their history including 24 in Bucks.There are 116 milestones/posts in Bucks out of 230 possible. On road 5 the Wendover and Buckingham Turnpike Road: 1721 p99. The miiestones are square in cross section with incised capital letters inclined to road for easy reading. Now not all on same sde of road some may be moved during World War 2. A terrace of cottages obstructing the road at its northern end called Rotten Row was demolished after they were bought by the trust in 1736 making the road wider. A holloway now a foot path is the original route out of the village by passed by Bucks CC in 1965.
[ Copy in HER ] (B5)

Sources (5)

  • <1>SBC19269 Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1985. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. p101.
  • <2>SBC23463 Index: Council for British Archaeology. 1964. CBA Industrial Archaeology Record Cards 236103,236104,236105. Card 236104.
  • <3>SBC23398 Digital archive: Milestones Society Web V:1.2. Milestones in pre-1974 county Buckinghamshire. BU_LC45.
  • <4>SBC24230 Unpublished document: Dr Gimson. Undated. Manuscript notes on milestones compiled by Dr Gimson. Milestones - Types and MILESTONES ( In site 1986 except ? ).
  • <5>SBC24947 Bibliographic reference: Peter Gulland. 2017. The Toll Roads of Buckinghamshire 1706-1881: With their Connections into Neighbouring Counties.

Location

Grid reference SP 80203 20744 (point) (Exact)
Civil Parish WHITCHURCH, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Nov 14 2019 10:25AM

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