Monument record 0414601000 - LOWER ICKNIELD WAY

Summary

Route of possible Neolithic to Roman trackway

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Map

Type and Period (2)

  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Early Neolithic to 5th Century Roman - 4000 BC to 409 AD)

Description

Plan Form - LINEAR
LOWER ICKNIELD WAY. ROMAN & MODERN ROADS COINCIDE S OF NASH LEE, WITH ROMAN ROAD RUNNING SLIGHLY SOUTH OF MODERN LINE, MARKED BY FOOTPATH & HEDGEROW & SLIGHT AGGER (B1).
UNDOUBTED ROUTE BEGINS AT TERRICK, MOST OF ROAD BEING STILL IN USE FOR 7 MILES TO CHINNOR (B2).
NGR'S FROM MAPS IN B1 (B3).
Existence of routeway east of Princes Risborough questioned (B4).
In a field identified as an allotment within Stony Field on the Tithe and Inclosure Maps of 1805 at Nash Lee, an area of disturbance was discovered in a watching brief on the line of a water main. It could be the line of the historic Icknield Way. It comprised light greenish grey sandy clay containing a mix of c.50% Greensand rock fragments with 5-10% flint. It measured approximately 18m east/west and was 0.15m thick. No evidence was recovered for metalling the road. Historic maps show it on the current line, but the ancient route may have been further to the south. The absence of metalling suggests it was not a Roman road. As seen it appeared to be a rural lane or droveway rather than a significant axis for traffic. It was not quite on the alignment of the putative Icknield Way; when sectioned no differentiation could be seen; the edges of the feature were very indistinct; the greensand fragments within the matrix of the possible road were angular and not abraded as one might expect if associated with the passage of people or animals; it is possible that it represents an area of deeper ploughing as the deposit was very similar to the subsoil (B5).

Sources (5)

  • <1>SBC16287 Bibliographic reference: 1964. VIATORES 1964 ROMAN ROADS IN THE S E MIDLANDS,PP. 55-56 & MAPS PP396-398.
  • <2>SBC8166 Bibliographic reference: MARGARY I D 1973 ROMAN ROADS IN BRITAIN, 3RD ED. PP182-183.
  • <3>SBC46 Bibliographic reference: A R PIKE FEB 1978 & G E SCRIMGEOUR MARCH 1988.
  • <4>SBC22157 Article in serial: Sarah Harrison. 2003. 'The Icknield Way: Some Queries', in Archaeological Journal 160. Vol 160.
  • <5>SBC22846 Unpublished document: John Moore Heritage Services. 2007. An Archaeological Watching Brief of the Nash Lee Rising Main, Terrick, Buckinghamshire. pp7, 11-12 and attached letter.

Location

Grid reference SP 8350 0774 (point) (Centred on)
Civil Parish WENDOVER, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish ELLESBOROUGH, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire
Civil Parish GREAT AND LITTLE KIMBLE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Intervention: Watching brief for rising main at Nash Lee (Ref: EHNL06) (EBC16776)

Record last edited

Jul 25 2011 5:28PM

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