Monument record 0031300000 - OXFORD ROAD (SPITAL) MILL, AYLESBURY

Summary

Site of medieval and post-medieval watermills, demolished 1993 and partly excavated in 1998.

Protected Status/Designation

  • Planning Notification Area: Site of medieval and post-medieval watermills at Oxford Road, Aylesbury

Map

Type and Period (4)

  • WATERMILL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1899 AD)
  • LEAT (14th Century - 1300 AD? to 1399 AD?)
  • FELLMONGERY? (17th Century - 1600 AD? to 1699 AD?)
  • OVERSHOT WHEEL (19th Century to Modern - 1890 AD? to 1920 AD?)

Description

Dimensions - Length 0045 m Width 0010
1 OF 2 DOMESDAY MILLS ON AYLESBURY MANOR? (B1). REPAIRS TO 'SPITTLE MILL' IN C15 WHEN IT BELONGED TO EARL OF ORMOND (B8); 'SPITELL MILL' DESTROYED BEFORE 1477 (B5). RECORDS OF A MILL HERE C18-C20 (B2,B7). PRESENT BRICK BUILDING OF 1893 & 1897 (DATE PLAQUES) (HISTORICAL SURVEYS)(B9,B12). BURNT DOWN OCT 1993 & REMAINS SUBSEQUENTLY DEMOLISHED (B10). BLACK & WHITE PRINTS TAKEN BY MIKE FARLEY PRIOR TO SITE CLEARANCE JULY/ AUGUST 1996. ENGINE HOUSE LEFT (B11). HISTORICAL SURVEY/ARCHAEOLOGICAL APPRAISAL 1997 (B12). Evaluation trenching and subsequent excavation carried out between January and April 1998 by Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust in advance of redevelopment, revealed a sequence of mill buildings from the 17th century onwards. Residual medieval pottery, a 14th century channel and make-up layers suggest that the medieval mill lay in the immediate vicinity although no trace of medieval buildings were located, suggesting either that the medieval building had been destroyed by later rebuilding or by decontamination works, that the post-medieval buildings were relocated or that medieval remains lay at a greater depth than excavated. An extensive deposit of sheep foot bones within an alluvium deposit probably dating to the 17th century indicates tanning or tawing taking place in the vicinity, possibly associated with a small building to the south of the mill. Fragments of a late 19th or early 20th century 10 foot cast iron waterwheel were recovered from the wheel pit during excavation. Appart from the millwheel fragments, millstones and assorted fragments of building materials and fittings, most of the finds are of a domestic nature (B13-15).
Detailed historical notes and 1930s condition. Varying conditions in 2006 (B16)

Sources (16)

  • <1>SBC4271 Bibliographic reference: John Morris (ed). 1978. Domesday Book: Buckinghamshire.
  • <2>SBC6751 Map: JEFFREYS T 1788 MAP OF BUCKS; & BRYANT A 1825 MAP OF BUCKS.
  • <3>SBC2020 Bibliographic reference: BUCKS COUNTY RATE ASSESSMENT BOOK 1859.
  • <4>SBC10207 Map: OS 1878/1884 6IN (1.10560) MAP.
  • <5>SBC5653 Bibliographic reference: Robert Gibbs. 1885. A History of Aylesbury. p103.
  • <6>SBC15557 Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 3 P4.
  • <7>SBC14561 Bibliographic reference: SIMMONS COLLECTION, SCIENCE MUSEUM, LONDON (& SEE KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF BUCKS 1915 & 1920).
  • <8>SBC23485 Article in serial: Elizabeth Elvey. 1965. 'Aylesbury in the Fifteenth Century: A Bailiff's Notebook', in Recs of Bucks 17 pp321-335. Vol 17, Part 5. pp326-7.
  • <9>SBC16515 Bibliographic reference: WESTMORE I 1992 THE OXFORD ROAD WATERMILL, AYLESBURY (COPY OF SURVEY & NOTES, FILED).
  • <10>SBC1996 Article in serial: BUCKS ADVERTISER 22 OCT 1993 (COPY FILED).
  • <11>SBC4864 Bibliographic reference: FARLEY M E (BCM) JULY 1996 SITE VISIT (PHOTOS & NOTES, FILED).
  • <12>SBC11577 Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire County Museum Archaeological Service. 1997. THE OXFORD ROAD WATERMILL, AYLESBURY: AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL APPRAISAL.
  • <13>SBC19062 Unpublished document: Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust. 1998. The Oxford Road Watermill, Aylesbury: an Archaeological Excavation.
  • <14>SBC19767 Unpublished document: Hertfordshire Archaeological Trust. 1999. The Oxford Road Watermill, Aylesbury.
  • <15>SBC22119 Article in serial: Ron Humphrey et al. 2004. 'The Oxford Road Watermill, Aylesbury', in Records of Buckinghamshire Vol 44. Vol 44. pp67-103.
  • <16>SBC23045 Bibliographic reference: Michael Farley, Edward Legg and James Venn (eds). 2007. The Watermills of Buckinghamshire: A 1930s account by Stanley Freese with original photographs. pp.114-115.

Location

Grid reference SP 81390 13690 (point)
Civil Parish AYLESBURY, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (24)

  • VESSEL (10th Century to 16th Century - 900 AD to 1599 AD)
  • OFFCUT (14th Century - 1300 AD? to 1399 AD?)
  • ROTARY KEY (14th Century - 1300 AD? to 1399 AD?)
  • VESSEL (17th Century to Modern - 1600 AD to 1999 AD)
  • AWL (17th Century - 1600 AD? to 1699 AD?)
  • FILE (18th Century to 19th Century - 1700 AD? to 1899 AD?)
  • KNIFE (17th Century to 19th Century - 1600 AD? to 1899 AD?)
  • SCISSORS (18th Century - 1700 AD? to 1799 AD?)
  • PLUG (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • LINE SINKER (18th Century to 19th Century - 1700 AD? to 1899 AD?)
  • PIN (18th Century - 1700 AD? to 1799 AD?)
  • BUTTON (17th Century to 19th Century - 1600 AD to 1899 AD)
  • FINGER RING (17th Century to 19th Century - 1600 AD to 1899 AD)
  • TOKEN (17th Century - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • COIN (17th Century to 18th Century - 1621 AD to 1701 AD)
  • MILLSTONE (Medieval to Modern - 1066 AD? to 1999 AD?)
  • SHOE (18th Century - 1700 AD? to 1799 AD?)
  • SPATULA (18th Century - 1700 AD? to 1799 AD?)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Post-Medieval - 1540 AD? to 1798 AD?)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (18th Century to 19th Century - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)
  • BOTTLE (18th Century to 19th Century - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)
  • MAMMAL REMAINS (13th Century to 16th Century - 1200 AD to 1599 AD)
  • MAMMAL REMAINS (17th Century - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • MAMMAL REMAINS (18th Century to 19th Century - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (5)

  • Event - Intervention: Evaluation trial trenching (EBC16115)
  • Event - Intervention: Excavation (EBC16116)
  • Event - Survey: Field visit (EBC13906)
  • Event - Survey: Historical survey and condition survey (EBC13398)
  • Event - Survey: Site visit (EBC17678)

Record last edited

Jan 14 2015 7:17PM

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