Monument record 0240501000 - OLD CHANTRY CHAPEL

Summary

Hospital built in twelfth century with later rebuildings up to the nineteenth century and re-used as chapel and school.

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Map

Type and Period (1)

  • HOSPITAL (12th Century to 19th Century - 1100 AD to 1899 AD)

Description

Dimensions - Length 1400 cm Width 0600 Height 0550
Plan Form - RECTANGULAR
Grade II+. Former chantry chapel, later school. Rebuilt 1475 incorporating Norman doorway, re-roofed late C18 and restored by G Gilbert Scott in 1857 and 1875. Uncoursed limestone rubble with limestone dressings and plain-tile roof. Aisleless rectangle. Norman doorway near middle of left side with 1 order of shafts with leaf capitals, imposts with palmette-in-zigzag ornament, inner arch with ornament of shallow pointed-arched arcading, chevron ornament to outer arch and to hoodmould. Circular sexfoiled window above, near eaves. Two 2-light window to left of doorway one above the other with trefoil-headed lights and straight hoods. 2-light Perpendicular window to right with trefoil-headed lights and hoodmould. Right side is concealed by adjacent building and has 2 sexfoiled circular windows at high level. 4-light windows to gable end facing Market Hill divided in 2 by sub-arches separated by small encircled quatrefoil to head and with foiled Y-tracery and trefoils above pointed trefoil-headed lights with pierced spandrels. Hollow-chamfered surround and hoodmould. Stone-coped gable with kneelers and C19 gabled bell-cote to apex. INTERIOR: principal window to gable end has deep splay and hollow-chamfered head dying into wall. End truss of 4-bay roof has many-moulded tie beam with camber to centre to clear head of window and arch-braced collar, otherwise C18 kingpost trusses, except for truss at other end which has queen struts and collar. Piscina with moulded surround and cusped basket-arched head. Panelled dado. Gallery to inner end with serpentine splat balusters to rail, with 6 former pew ends from old parish church either end and at regular intervals. Pew ends have poppy heads. One is inscribed 'THOMAS/ GROVE/ GENT.' Another is dated 1626 and another inscribed 'ANNO/ 1652' with AG in heart to back. Arms to heads. HISTORICAL NOTE: formerly chantry chapel of St John the Baptist. Endowed early C13 as a chantry by Archdeacon Matthew de Stratton. Belonged to the Hospital of St John Acon in London and perhaps served the Hospital of St John the Baptist in Buckingham. Dissolved with other chantries in the reign of Edward VI and known from c1540 as the Royal Latin School. Now owned by the National Trust. (Buckler JC: Endowed Grammar Schools: 1827-: ILL.)(B7).
OF ROUGHLY COURSED LIMESTONE RUBBLE. PROBABLY BUILT AS A HOSPITAL LATE C12, FROM WHICH A FINE NORMAN DOOR IN S WALL SURVIVES. RESTORED & REBUILT 1471, AFTER BECOMING DILAPIDATED. RE-ROOFED C18. RESTORED, BELL TURRET ADDED BY G G SCOTT, 1875 (B9).

Sources (2)

  • <7>SBC23498 Bibliographic reference: Department of National Heritage (DNH). 1994. LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: BOROUGH OF BUCKINGHAM. pp85-86.
  • <9>SBC8267 Unpublished document: W L Matthews. 1989. THE NATIONAL TRUST ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY: AYLESBURY, THE KING'S HEAD etc.

Location

Grid reference SP 69574 34023 (point) (Exact)
Civil Parish BUCKINGHAM, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Survey: Site visit (EBC1357)

Record last edited

Sep 19 2019 12:51PM

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