Monument record 0175501000 - BUCKINGHAM CASTLE


Medieval motte of castle recorded in watching brief

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded


Type and Period (1)

  • MOTTE (11th Century to 14th Century - 1000 AD to 1399 AD)


Castle Hill (fortified mount) now (1913) an oval hill with steep scarp on all sides except N. On N side are faint indications of ditch separating it from the town. Bend in River Ouse forms a peninsula on SW (B5).
In 1670, bowling green made on Castle Hill (B2).
Motte flattened to form churchyard (B6).
Watching brief by Oxford Archaeology during test pitting inside church at west end (for foundations for extension to gallery) and during service trenching (to the southeast of the church between the NE churchyard gate and the church porch) recorded make up layers, and layers of demolition and construction material associated with the clearance of the top of the castle mound and the building of the church in 1777. A compact dark greyish clay with charcoal flecks and patches of gravel and brown clay was interpreted as the make up of the castle mound (B9).

Sources (4)

  • <2>SBC16732 Bibliographic reference: WILLIS B 1755 HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES…OF BUCKINGHAM PP49-51.
  • <5>SBC12999 Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 2 P72.
  • <6>SBC13711 Bibliographic reference: D F Renn. 1968. NORMAN CASTLES IN BRITAIN P121.
  • <9>SBC19598 Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeology. 2002. St Peter and St Paul's Church, Buckingham: Archaeological watching brief March 2002.


Grid reference SP 69500 33800 (point)
Civil Parish BUCKINGHAM, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • Event - Intervention: (EBC11822)

Record last edited

Jan 3 2024 4:18PM

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