Monument record 0662200000 - NW of Tring Roundabout


Iron Age features, Saxon cemetery and site of medieval windmill found during evaluation and watching brief for Aston Clinton Bypass

Protected Status/Designation

  • Planning Notification Area: Saxon cemetery found by watching brief during road construction


Type and Period (3)

  • DITCH (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • CEMETERY (6th Century to 7th Century - 500 AD? to 699 AD?)
  • WINDMILL (13th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD? to 1399 AD?)


Area not fieldwalked prior to further evaluation because it was under pasture. Identified as a possible area of interest due to proximity of findspot of RB sherds during construction of a roundabout on A41 in 1973/4. Geophysical survey identifies susceptibility patterns in the topsoil and extremely weak gradiometer anomalies (B1).
Identified as Site D in Archaeological Assessment Report which recommends trial trenching (B2).
Evaluation by RPS (trenches 12-14) finds late IA activity in a heavily truncated ditch, originally identified as a slight geophysics anomaly. A complete pot and other sherds dated to pre-Roman 'Belgic' period found, also post hole and possible pit (both undated). No suggestion of settlement and no Roman period activity (B3).
Watching brief by RPS during topsoil stripping finds early Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery. 18 inhumation burials and 3 possible empty graves were excavated, most of which produced grave goods, including iron knives, a spearhead, toiletry equipment, a pottery vessel and jewelery, dating to about AD 600. Also found was the cross-trench for the base of a medieval windmill. 13th to 14th century pottery was found in the trench (B4).
See excavation report for details (B5).

Sources (6)

  • <1>SBC19346 Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeotechnics. 1993. A41 Aston Clinton Bypass: Magnetic Susceptibility & Magnetometer survey.
  • <2>SBC19347 Unpublished document: BCMAS. 1994. A41 Aston Clinton Bypass Archaeological Assessment Stage 1 Report.
  • <3>SBC19056 Unpublished document: RPS Consultants. 2000. A41 Aston Clinton Bypass An Archaeological Evaluation.
  • <4>SBC20980 Unpublished document: Highways Agency. Undated. The Archaeology of the A41 Aston Clinton Bypass.
  • <5>SBC22424 Unpublished document: RPS Planning Transport and Environment. 2005. Archaeological Investigations for the A41 Aston Clinton Bypass: Analysis of Excavations at the Woodlands Roundabout, Lower Icknield Way and Tring Hill Sites Including Watching Brief Results.
  • <6>SBC23399 Bibliographic reference: Robert Masefield et al. 2008. Prehistoric and Later Settlement and Landscape from Chiltern Scarp to Aylesbury Vale: The Archaeology of the Aston Clinton Bypass.


Grid reference SP 9044 1135 (point)
Civil Parish DRAYTON BEAUCHAMP, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

  • Event - Intervention: Evaluation trial trenching (EBC15870)
  • Event - Survey: Geophysical survey (Ref: 0161192/ACB/BCM) (EBC15869)
  • Event - Intervention: Watching brief (EBC16521)

Record last edited

Feb 13 2018 11:37AM

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