Building record 1323100000 - THE MAUSOLEUM, WEST WYCOMBE

Summary

Eighteenth century mausoleum of the Dashwood family and friends

Protected Status/Designation

  • Listed Building (I) 1160467: THE MAUSOLEUM

Map

Type and Period (1)

  • MAUSOLEUM (Built 1763-4, 18th Century - 1700 AD to 1799 AD)

Description

GRADE I. 1763-4, DESIGNED BY JOHN BASTARD THE YOUNGER OF BLANDFORD. HEXAGONAL TALL FLINT RUBBLE WALL ASHLAR DRESSED WITH ENTABLATURE & PANELLED PARAPET SURMOUNTED BY STONE URNS GROUPED IN THREES AT ANGLES. EXTERIOR HAS ATTACHED STUCCO ROMAN DORIC COLUMNS UNDER ENTABLATURE WITH TRIGLYPHS, GUTTAE & URN RELIEFS TO FRIEZE, MODILLIONED CORNICE. INTERIOR, UNROOFED, HAS WALL MONUMENTS, 1 WITH FIGURE SCULPTURE EARLY C18, AND CENTRAL 1769 MONUMENT OF URN ON PEDESTAL UNDER ROMAN IONIC STONE CANOPY. ARCHES, BRICKS AND RECTANGULAR OPENINGS TO WALLS. WALL INSCRIPTIONS TO SIR FRANCIS DASHWOOD, LORD DISPENCER, AND FRIENDS. CHURCH OF SAINT LAWRENCE AND THE MAUSOLEUM FORM A GROUP (B1).
Background research and detailed earthwork survey carried out by English Heritage between April 2000 and June 2001 identified a pair of symmetrical scarps 0.3m high to either side of the main entrance, probably the remains of a formal staired approach to the building. A semi-circular platform 50m wide and 2.2m high seems to have been constructed for the building of the mausoeum; in the 1970s material dredged from West Wycombe lake was dumped here to consolidate the platform (B2-4).

Sources (4)

  • <1>SBC3604 Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1973. LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: WYCOMBE DISTRICT: BOROUGH OF HIGH WYCOMBE. p77.
  • <2>SBC19995 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. West Wycombe Park Buckinghamshire - Part 1: Site History and Introduction. 1. pp3,30,33,34,36 Fig 5,6,7,8,9,10,11.
  • <3>SBC19996 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. West Wycombe Park Buckinghamshire - Part II: The Earthwork Surveys. 2. pp72,74,75,80,82-84 Fig 19, Plate 28,36-37.
  • <4>SBC19998 Graphic material: English Heritage. 2000. West Wycombe Park: detailed plans of Pleasure Grounds, Wider Parkland and Church Hill. 1:2500. Fig 18.

Location

Grid reference SU 82792 94930 (point)
Civil Parish HIGH WYCOMBE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

  • Event - Survey: Detailed topographic survey and background research (EBC16386)
  • Event - Survey: Site visit (EBC13570)

Record last edited

Aug 1 2018 6:23PM

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