Building record 0423000000 - 1-9 HIGH STREET (FORMERLY DR CHALLONER'S GRAMMAR SCHOOL)

Summary

Fifteenth or early sixteenth century timber-framed building with seventeenth century wall paintings, used as a school from 1625

Protected Status/Designation

  • Listed Building (II) 1221419: NOS 1 TO 9 HIGH STREET

Map

Type and Period (6)

  • GRAMMAR SCHOOL (Founded 1625, 17th Century to 19th Century - 1600 AD to 1899 AD)
  • CHURCH HOUSE (15th Century to 17th Century - 1400 AD? to 1699 AD)
  • WALL PAINTING (17th Century - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • SHOP (20th Century - 1900 AD to 1999 AD)
  • RESTAURANT (21st Century - 2000 AD to 2099 AD)
  • (Alternate Type) TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (15th Century to 16th Century - 1400 AD? to 1599 AD?)

Description

Grade II. C16 former Grammar School, refaced C18, red brick, old tile roof with parapet, gable to No 9, refronted in modern brick. Two storeys; shop windows to Nos 3, 7 and 9. No 1 has half glazed door on right, 3-light casement on left and another to first floor, all with segmental arches. C19 doorway to No 5 with stone arched head inscribed 'Grammar School' and '1624' in tympanum. Two large mullion and transome casements to Nos 5 and 7 first floor, with small unbarred sash between. No 9 has modern 3-light leaded casement to first floor and 2-light to attic, both with segmental arches. Rear elevation to churchyard has four gables, that to No 1 timber framed with brick infill. (RCHM I p3 MON 4)(B9).
CHURCH HOUSE, BUILT LATE 15TH CENTURY OR EARLY 16TH CENTURY TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING OF SIX BAYS. CONVERTED INTO GRAMMAR SCHOOL 1620 (SEE ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION (B1,B4-5).
HISTORY OF DR CHALLONER'S GRAMMAR SCHOOL (B2-3).
NOW CONVERTED INTO SHOPS AND CAFÉ (B6).
REFACED WITH MODERN BRICK C.1900 (B4).
Wall paintings discovered in building adjacent to the old Grammar School [?No 9] during redecoration in 1931 and recorded by Francis Reader. Panel representing Hercules, possibly originally one of a late group of the 'Nine Worthies' painted in the early 17th century. Additional paintings found on the ceiling in the attic included a man in 17th century costume, a bird with sprays of flowering foliage, a woman's head, a tulip and an unfinished lion-like animal, which appear not to have formed a single design (B7).
Nos 9 to 13 badly damaged by fire in June 2008 (B8).
Church House, which now occupies numbers 1-7, was the first accommodation for the pupils of Dr Challoner's Grammar School (B10).
Also used by Cheye's Writing School after the mid 19th Century, and in 1867 80 girls were being taught there (B11).

Sources (11)

  • <1>SBC1445 Bibliographic reference: BCM CAS RECORD CARD 4230..
  • <2>SBC7734 Bibliographic reference: LIPSCOMB 3 PP159-161.
  • <3>SBC15464 Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 2, PP213-214..
  • <4>SBC12873 Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1, P3.. Mon 4.
  • <5>SBC13195 Article in serial: Francis W Reader. 1932. 'Tudor Mural Paintings in the Lesser Houses in Bucks', in Archaeological Journal Vol 89 pp127-131, Plates I-IV. Vol 89.
  • <6>SBC10019 Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD SU 99 NE 4.
  • <7>SBC13190 Article in serial: Francis W Reader. 1933. 'Tudor Mural Paintings in the Lesser Houses in Bucks', in Recs of Bucks Vol 12 pp368-398 & Plates I-XIV. Vol 12, No 7. pp371-373, Plates I-III.
  • <8>SBC23134 Verbal communication: John Shipley. 2008. Pers comm to Julia Wise (BCC), June 2008.
  • <9>SBC19816 Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1984. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest: Buckinghamshire: Chiltern District: Parishes of Amersham, Chesham Bois and Coleshill. p21.
  • <10>SBC24867 Bibliographic reference: L E Pike & C Birch. 1976. The Book of Amersham. pp75.
  • <11>SBC19607 Bibliographic reference: Julian Hunt. 2001. A History of Amersham. pp85.

Location

Grid reference SU 95805 97320 (point) (Exact)
Civil Parish AMERSHAM, Chiltern, Buckinghamshire

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Mar 7 2019 1:48PM

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